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Avdol (Tramadol)
+ BONUS
 
Tramadol

Avdol is used to relieve moderate to moderately severe pain, including pain after surgery. The extended-release capsules or tablets are used for chronic ongoing pain.

Avdol belongs to the group of medicines called opioid analgesics. It acts in the central nervous system (CNS) to relieve pain.

When Avdol is used for a long time, it may become habit-forming, causing mental or physical dependence. However, people who have continuing pain should not let the fear of dependence keep them from using narcotics to relieve their pain. Mental dependence (addiction) is not likely to occur when narcotics are used for this purpose. Physical dependence may lead to withdrawal side effects if treatment is stopped suddenly. However, severe withdrawal side effects can usually be prevented by gradually reducing the dose over a period of time before treatment is stopped completely.

This medicine is available only under a restricted distribution program called the Opioid Analgesic REMS (Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy) program.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Capsule, Extended Release
  • Suspension
  • Tablet
  • Tablet, Extended Release
  • Capsule, Extended Release, 24 HR

Other names for this medication:
Tramadol, Ryzolt, Ultram, Acema, Adamon, Avdol, Bludol, Cadol, Cradol, Damadol, Damol, Didol, Dolex, Dolodol, Dolotram, Dols, Formador, Lagesic, Madol, Meridol, Midol, Nobligan, Novadol, Opiate, Painex, Radol, Ramcet, Relidol, Rimol, Simol, Supridol, Trak, Tramadex, Tramatas, Tramazac, Trany, Troma, Trum, Tryme, Typhon, Ultracon, Victadol, Zytram, Accupain, Acupain, Acuvin, Asic, Contramal, Dolocet, Domadol, Mydol, Nomadol, Odel, Ondol, Opigesic, Paine, Ramax, Sedate, Strom, Tandam, Tradol, Tram, Trama, Tramacip, Tramagesic, Tramed, Tramex, Tramp, Trampar, Tridol, Tromar, Ultrazac, Urgendol, Zamadol,

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Amoxipenil, Xergic, Ketokonazol, Aristogyl, Glimet, Perdamel, Hydroxyzine, Aroxin, Sinvacor, Xolegel, Unipril, Fexofen, Pehatrim, Lipicon, Sergel, Zoraxin, Tamsulosina, Ulceran, Sertima, Selgene, Alprostadil, Modiodal, Imacillin, Uriprim, Resof, Dostinex, Dolgit, Lexfin, Rosazol, Leedom, Dafiro, Trevilor, Mestinon,

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P-glycoprotein, multidrug resistance-associated protein, and Ki-67 expression were determined by immunohistochemical staining. The results obtained so far clearly support the continuation of HzV and associated evaluations.

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The new reagent is readily applicable to the postcolumn detection of polyols and sugars after high-performance liquid chromatography and is linear over the range 40-180 nmol for D-glucitol (sorbitol) and 10-300 nmol for glucose, using standard HPLC equipment. The Bradyrhizobium japonicum Fur protein is an iron-responsive regulator in vivo. Within the framework of a test performed at a school for the physically handicapped, 10 pupils with disabilities varying in type and degree of severity completed a typing programme which was adapted to their individual physiological possibilities. Case of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia associated with scabies infestation.

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Here we present data on the genetic interaction of dGcn5 and dAda2a. Gold catalysis: switching the pathway of the furan-yne cyclization. Hourly sleep stage time accumulation was slowed during kindling trials, but compensated while stimuli were suspended.

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The use of a needle-knife for fistula dilation in EUS-BDS should be avoided if possible. The post-transcriptional control of gene expression is becoming increasingly important in the understanding of regulated events in eukaryotic cells. Dispersion management of anisotropic metamirror for super-octave bandwidth polarization conversion. Purified populations of TAM from ovarian cancer patients were studied in terms of expression of surface molecules, cytokine production and tumor cytotoxicity after overnight incubation with GM-CSF or IFN gamma and LPS, used as reference activators.

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Strategies and policies should be developed between ministries of health and national research funding agencies. Cytotoxic activity and cell cycle analysis of quinoline alkaloids isolated from Haplophyllum canaliculatum Boiss. A patient with severe, recurrent posterior epistaxis was shown at angiography to have an aneurysm of the petrous portion of the internal carotid artery (ICA). We present a simple, effective technique to remove an intraocular lens (IOL) via a very small incision (2.2 mm).

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The compounds were separated by liquid chromatography using reverse phase (C18) procedures with a ternary mobile phase mixture. P and 3 alpha-diol levels declined significantly for all groups across the 12-h post-treatment period.

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The secondary assessments included limb salvage rate, major (above the ankle) and minor (below the ankle) amputation, change in Rutherford class and cutaneous oxygen tension, reocclusion/restenosis, rehospitalization, and repeat revascularization after one year. A 69-year-old woman with RA also developed acute IP 3 months after institution of leflunomide. Seventy-five men had died by the end of the follow-up, compared with 73.3 deaths expected on the basis of age-specific regional population death rates. In line with our previous studies, the average linear relationship over all participants was positive.

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A sample of 74 young autistic children was selected and defined by direct observation of specific behaviors and clinical assessment of the presence or absence of associated pathological conditions. Antilipolytic effect of chlorpropamide in isolated rat hepatocytes. Dissatisfaction was expressed with the cost of living, education and the lack of equality with the hearing. The identification of these new regulatory elements provides a more comprehensive basis for the understanding of physiological or pathological modulation of MHC class I transcription in humans. Cells under growth inhibition have reduced intracellular GSH levels and form filaments when they resume growth.

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Spatial correlation coefficients between the intensity distributions of different ions help to identify colocalization of metabolites and potentially uncover connections between metabolic pathways. Odds ratios were calculated to determine the associations of epidural anesthesia with oxytocin stimulation, episiotomy, assisted vaginal delivery (forceps or vacuum extraction), and cesarean section.

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In reference to A systematic review of the quality of randomized controlled trials in head and neck oncology surgery. The results can be correlated with the x-ray diffraction characteristics of the glass.

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To reveal the origin and evolution of varied gametophyte shapes, we used comparative morphological studies of meristem behavior of gametophytes of Lygodium japonicum, which exhibit the typical cordate shape. The effects of neuromuscular taping on gait walking strategy in a patient with joint hypermobility syndrome/Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type.

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The general paradigm from studies on transgenic mouse models of AQP deletion is that AQPs facilitate rapid near-isosmolar transepithelial fluid absorption / secretion, as well as rapid vectorial water movement driven by osmotic gradients. Diagnosis: urinary tract infection, dilated urinary system and associated hyperammonaemic encephalopathy. Dense fibrous tissue with infiltrating fungal hyphae consistent with mucormycosis. miR-16 was the most efficient for OHSS prediction as it yielded the highest AUC.

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Recognizing and planning for the personal challenges of IMGs in psychiatry can enhance the transition into psychiatric training. Methods are compared regarding number of identifications, variability of quantitation, and functional categorization. Rotationally acquired four-dimensional optical coherence tomography of embryonic chick hearts using retrospective gating on the common central A-scan.

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In ICF, DNA hypomethylation is targeted to the satellite DNA in juxtacentromeric (centromere-adjacent) heterochromatin of chromosomes 1 and 16 (1qh and 16qh), which are prone to rearrangements in ICF lymphoid cells. When loaded off-center, the internal-implant abutment connection produced less stress when compared with the external-implant abutment connection. However, even a subtle ultrasound anomaly can indicate a genetic syndrome and echocardiography cannot exclude mild cardiac abnormalities. We started with 45 fs, 4.4 microJ, 800 nm pulses generated by a Coherent RegA Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier system, then spectrally broadened the 30 nm bandwidth to more than 100 nm.

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Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is associated with a significant deterioration in quality of life. A review of co-morbid tobacco and cannabis use disorders: possible mechanisms to explain high rates of co-use. Under conditions of normal hydration, leakage was insignificant. Localized Components Analysis (LoCA) is a new method for describing surface shape variation in an ensemble of objects using a linear subspace of spatially localized shape components. Their presence is associated with thrombosis and adverse obstetric history, making these antibodies a novel marker for the antiphospholipid syndrome.

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Parry-Romberg syndrome (PRS) is a sporadic disease of unknown etiology with typical onset in childhood or in young adults. The ideas of Michael Balint are very much alive, but - because of the changed realities in the medical field - no longer as he originally foresaw, but in settings adapted to the new situations in medicine. Therefore, it is important to know which mite species are present in a geographical area when performing diagnostic testing and prescribing immunotherapy. Positive correlation between elevated plasma cholesterol levels and cognitive impairments in LDL receptor knockout mice: relevance of cortico-cerebral mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Paraffin oil injection into the breast, which had been used for breast augmentation in the past, can cause various complications.

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Korean Anxiety Sensitivity Index-Revised: its factor structure, reliability, and validity in clinical and nonclinical samples. Cases of diffuse pleural mesothelioma must always be suspected to be caused by asbestos. The group on the allergen-avoidance regimen had less eczema at six months and one year than did the control group at six months.

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However, there are no clinical characteristics to exclude reliably all patients who are not actively bleeding internally. This is particularly true for the upswing of the plasma concentration after oral administration. The inhibition produced by anti-Ia sera was specific and did not result from interference with the ability of macrophages to process TNP-conjugated membrane antigens in a nonspecific manner.

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There was no significant difference between the speed of propagation in the vertical and in the horizontal directions. pylori infection during the preceding 6 months, were enrolled between September 1998 and July 1999. In the relapsed or refractory disease setting, the clinical results of ASCT remain inadequate. Effect of kappa-casein glycomacropeptide on gastrointestinal motility in dogs The significance of duplication of the mental nerve is discussed in relation to the influence that this anatomic structure has on the growth and development of the mandible.

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Mitogenic effects of IL-1 on SMCs have been reported and have been attributed to the expression of PDGF-A chain. truncatula EARLY NODULIN11)-associated markers, concomitant with radial expansion of the chamber. Juvenile clams were deployed for one week at a variety of degraded and undegraded sites in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. Fungi, especially Candida albicans, play an important role in persistent/secondary endodontic infections.

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In the first group of six animals, a pulmonary artery (PA) window was created and then closed with the peritoneal-rectus fascia patch. The significance of this finding is discussed against the close relationship between SIF cells and cells of the adrenal medulla.

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Consequently, increased plant stanol levels within the enterocyte activate cholesterol efflux through ABCA1- but not SREBP-2-mediated endogenous cholesterol synthesis even if intracellular cholesterol concentrations are lowered through consumption of plant stanols. CLINICAL AND ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHIC FINDINGS IN SOME CASES OF TOXOPLASMOSIS IN CHILDHOOD

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Compounds 1, the mixture of 2 and 2a, and the mixture of 4 and 4a, exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans with IC(50) values ranging from 5.9 to 8.8 microg/mL, and they selectively inhibited the enzyme cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). A comparison of self-reported measures of perceived health and functional health in an elderly population. Results of 81 supra-articular femoro-popliteal bypasses using PTFE Anemia was frequent, the lowest haemoglobin titer beeing reached by the 15th day.

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After 7 days of Notch-1 antisense treatment, neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) immunoreactivity is induced in H82 but not H526. EXTRACTION AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ANOREXIGENIC AND FAT-MOBILIZING SUBSTANCES FROM RAT URINE. A STIMULANT SUPPLEMENT FOR THE CHRONICALLY ILL: THREE-MONTH STUDY IN A TUBERCULOSIS WARD. A novel vitamin B1 derivative: benzoyloxymethyl-thiamine (BT 851).

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EFFECT OF HALOTHANE AND CYCLOPROPANE ANESTHESIA ON ENERGY METABOLISM IN HYPOVOLEMIC ANIMALS. Support from parents and neighborhood quality are both associated with increased physical activity in underserved adolescents. Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics. Estimation of alpha-fetoprotein in the amniotic fluid of fetuses of these mutants has shown that the levels are raised in fetuses with exencephaly and open spina bifida.

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A light microscopic, autoradiographic study of axoplasmic transport in the optic nerve head during ocular hypotony, increased intraocular pressure, and papilledema. Immediate recognition of a complication is essential for reducing morbidity and potential mortality. We report the case of a 48-year-old woman presenting with recurrent uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) associated with right iliac vein and inferior vena cava (IVC) invasion and left lower lobe pulmonary tumor embolus. Egg yolk phosphatidylcholine liposomes induced lysis of erythrocytes from various animals. Histopathological review of 217 pancreatic PHHI specimens revealed 16 cases morphologically different from diffuse and focal forms.

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Currently a number of new therapeutic targets have been published. Production of L-phenylalanine was apparently strongly associated with growth. Simulations show the resolving power of lens-less low energy electron point source microscopy to be approximately 15 A for electron energies of between 14 and 105 eV. Experiments performed by immunoblotting with use of polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies directed to GPIIIa showed that pretreatment of human platelets with granulocyte elastase resulted in the appearance of an additional proteolytic derivative of GPIIIa migrating with an apparent molecular mass of 120 kDa in a nonreduced system.

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A technique for the direct visualization of endodontic procedures utilizing clear plastic tubes machined to simulate root canals is described. The objective of this study was to collect demographic, clinical, laboratory, and outcome information for infants and children who had Neisseria meningitidis infections of various serogroups and were cared for in 10 pediatric hospitals.

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Solution structure of a green mamba toxin that activates muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, as studied by nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular modeling. 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) induces calcium influx through T-type calcium channel and enhances lysosomal exocytosis and insulin secretion in INS-1 cells. Practice environment and its association with professional competence and work-related factors: perception of newly graduated nurses. Therefore, Hsp90 therapy combined with radiation might synergize with conventional therapies in patients with wild-type p53. Lobbied by the pharmaceutical industry, United States government officials have proposed bilateral trade sanctions in an effort to pressure South Africa to repeal the 1997 amendment.

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How long is enough: length of renal needle biopsy specimen for histological diagnosis. SWI/SNF-independent nuclease hypersensitivity and an increased level of histone acetylation at the P1 promoter accompany active transcription of the bone master gene Runx2.

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When adjacent monomers in the pore complexes were randomly cross-linked by using glutaraldehyde, LukF-LukF, LukF-Hlg2, and Hlg2-Hlg2 dimers were detected in an approximate ratio of 1:12:1, suggesting that LukF and Hlg2 were alternately arranged in the pore complex in molar ratios of 3:4 and 4:3. The best results are obtained when a pairwise interaction energy function is used with solvation energy function. 4 persons showed the biochemical findings of AIP but had not yet had symptoms. Fatigue produced deficits in normalized reach distances and decreased knee flexion in all 3 reaching directions.

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Whether the wound is acute or chronic, essential principles of wound care must be observed in order to avoid wound sepsis and achieve rapid and optimal wound healing. Although clinically similar, the presence of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema requires a different therapeutic approach from that of cardiogenic pulmonary edema. Differential Item Function analysis revealed differences in responses tendencies by language group in 3 of the 37 items. Local variations of labeling were also observed within goblet cells between the upper and lower portions of crypts. The original volume and the gray value deformed volume are monochromatically forward projected.

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Because of the limited understanding of the psychological and interpersonal dynamics underlying psychopathy, the authors sought to assess the extent to which object relations theory could inform our understanding of psychopathy. Ovarian tumors, both benign and malignant, often contain cystic lesions. The effects of hypoxia on reaction time and movement time components of a perceptual-motor task. Double staining revealed that almost all trkA-immunoreactive ON cells also contained p75NTR immunoreactivity. Ganglia are reported to have arisen in association with bursa or connected to synovial joints.

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Surviving fraction increased rapidly if tumors were left in situ after treatment and reached a plateau at 5 hr, indicating that tumor cells were able to repair the potentially lethal damage induced by bleomycin. xSyndecan-4 regulates gastrulation and neural tube closure in Xenopus embryos. Furthermore, patient had seven other members in the family with similar lesions, which is also a rare occurrence.

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Among the eight CC founder inbred strains, we found that Chr 2 TRD was exclusive to females that were heterozygous for the WSB/EiJ allele within a 9.3 Mb region (Chr 2 76.9 - 86.2 Mb). Regarding the great structural variability of the currently expanding group of ionic liquids, it is highly desirable to understand the basic factors affecting their toxicity in different biological systems. It is suggested that defective amino acid reabsorption in patients with chronic renal failure is due at least in part to deficiency of 1,25(OH)2D3. K562 cells exhibit a low proportion of hemoglobin-synthesizing cells under standard cell growth conditions, but are able to undergo terminal erythroid differentiation when treated with a variety of anti-tumor compounds. Thus, allogeneic graft rejection and the allogenic mixed lymphocyte reaction are very likely extensions of an immune response expressed within the host.

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AN INVESTIGATION OF THE CRITERION PROBLEM FOR ONE GROUP OF MEDICAL SPECIALISTS. The bone results were graded as six excellent, one good, and two fair. Two cases of caecal herniation through the foramen of Winslow are presented.

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The oxidative metabolism of tryptophan (the kynurenine pathway) could represent a novel target for the development of new drugs for the treatment of osteoporosis. Purpose of this study was to develop storage stable pellets coated with the aqueous ethylcellulose dispersion Aquacoat ECD.

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It has been also found that cross-striated muscles of the esophagus are capable of myosatellitogenesis and segregation of nucleosarcoplasmic areas. Mesoderm induction in amphibians: the role of TGF-beta 2-like factors. To evaluate whether radiofrequency volumetric tissue reduction of viepax tablets for sale the soft palate is causing voice changes as a result of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with heavy snoring.

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The requirement for T-lymphocytes was confirmed in a human osteosarcoma system using independent criteria. Hence, low and sustained viral replication within the CNS continues even during prolonged nelarabine etoposide cyclophosphamide treatment antiretroviral drug therapy. Scapulectomy for the treatment of malignant tumors of the scapula. The cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie hormone-induced refractoriness are largely unresolved.

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In the present study we used an ELISA technique to detect naturally-occurring antibodies against bacteria in mouse uterine luminal fluid, vaginal washings and serum. Female students reported more needlesticks and a greater fear of injury than did male students. Control of typhoid omeprazole side effects wikipedia fever in Bangkok, Thailand, by annual immunization of schoolchildren with parenteral typhoid vaccine.

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Understanding which brain region is activated progressively by increasing doses of antipsychotics and how their different receptor profiles may impact such an activation could be relevant to better correlate the mechanism of action of antipsychotics both with their efficacy and side effects. This means that neurones at a distance of 0.4--0.7 mm from a recording electrode make a contribution of -25 zorax drug dB to a recorded signal of 0 dB.

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Aralosides could inhibit the development of cytopathic effect (CPE) and protect cultural cells from being infected with the above viruses. Eleven long-term toxicity studies were reviewed on styrene and five on styrene oxide in an effort to evaluate the potential carcinogenic activity of these chemicals in animals. Connecting artane trihexyphenidyl hydrochloride tablets the DOTs: covalent histone modifications and the formation of silent chromatin. Recently proposed esterase staining methods for the cytochemical identification of human peripheral blood monocytes and lymphocytes in our hands gave suboptimal results. A significant up-regulation of vtg1 expression was detected at 48 hpf for 1,000 and 2,000 ng/L EE2.

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A higher incidence of infections was observed in children older than 2 years. The GUS procedure used in this study may be applicable as a generic technique for the characterization of drug metabolites after dicloduo duo 75 mg cena romantica in vitro incubation, as well as probably in vivo experiments. Prescription-specific parameters are entered into the cycler, which then automatically carries out the steps involved in continuous cycling PD. Circularly polarized laser emission induced by supramolecular chirality in cholesteric liquid crystals.

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New multivalent vaccines simplify childhood immunisation pyridostigmine injection package insert schedules and can increase vaccination coverage. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes isolated from various human tissues are differentially inhibited by bile acids. Detection of alien chromosomes from S-genome species in the addition/substitution lines of bread wheat and visualization of A-, B- and D-genomes by GISH.